Nov 28, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Restaurants that have a certified kitchen manager (CKM) seem to have a lower risk of serving food that triggers infectious illnesses, according to a study comparing restaurants that were involved in disease outbreaks with those that were not.”We were much less likely to find a certified kitchen manager in a restaurant that experienced an outbreak,” said Craig W. Hedberg, PhD, lead author of the research report in the November issue of the Journal of Food Protection. He is an associate professor of environmental and occupational health in the University of Minnesota School of Public Health in Minneapolis.Certified kitchen managers—those who have completed a food safety training course—are required in some states but not all, the researchers say.Hedberg, along with researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the University of Tennessee, examined 22 restaurants involved in disease outbreaks between June 2002 and June 2003 and 347 restaurants with no recent outbreaks. The study was a project of the CDC’s Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net), which covers all or parts of nine states.”This was the first systematic attempt to look at the environmental evaluations in restaurants with outbreaks and compare that to a large body of similar data from restaurants with no indication of any outbreak going on,” Hedberg told CIDRAP News.The researchers used a combination of interviews and direct observation to assess restaurant operations and policies related to food safety. Observers followed the preparation of certain food items, Hedberg said.The EHS-Net specialists identified 107 restaurant-linked outbreaks in their areas (out of 179 outbreaks overall), but staff size limited the number investigated to 22. Nonoutbreak restaurants were defined as those with no history of outbreaks for the preceding 3 years and no complaints of food-related illness within the past year.Outbreak and nonoutbreak restaurants were similar in many respects, but 71% of the nonoutbreak restaurants (243 of 347) had a CKM, versus 32% (7 of 22) of outbreak restaurants, the researchers found.The findings “suggest that the presence of a CKM reduces the risk for an outbreak and was the major distinguishing factor between the outbreak and nonoutbreak restaurants,” the report says. In particular, CKMs seemed to be associated with a lower risk of outbreaks linked to norovirus and Clostridium perfringens, two of the three most common outbreak pathogens. Also, bare-hand contact with food was less likely to be a factor in outbreaks in restaurants that had CKMs.Most restaurants, regardless of outbreak history, relied on on-the-job food safety training for workers, the authors found. They surmised that CKMs probably improved the quality of this training, leading to less bare-hand contact with ready-to-eat foods and better control of food temperatures.However, in restaurants with outbreaks, the presence of a CKM didn’t seem to reduce the role of infected food handlers as contamination sources leading to the outbreaks, according to the report.In addition, the researchers found that most restaurants had policies requiring food workers to report illnesses and barring staff members from working while sick, but those policies appeared to make little or no difference in the rate of outbreaks or in the role of infected food handlers as contamination sources. Most restaurants, both outbreak and nonoutbreak, did not offer sick leave for food workers.The findings suggest that food safety training programs need to put more emphasis on managing food worker illnesses, the authors say. On the basis of previous studies on gastrointestinal illness, they estimate that 50,000 US food workers are likely to work while infected with norovirus.Carol Selman of the CDC, senior author of the study, said the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Conference for Food Protection, which advises the FDA, have recommended that all states require restaurants to have CKMs. She said the findings may help sway those who have been “on the fence” as to whether to adopt that requirement.”It basically lent credence to what had been recommended by the FDA and the Conference for Food Protection,” Selman told CIDRAP News. She is a senior public health advisor in the division of emergency and environmental health services of the CDC’s National Center for Environmental Health in Atlanta.However, while the findings suggest that CKMs may help prevent norovirus outbreaks, “the key determinant appears to be the presence of an infected food worker,” the researchers write. “This conclusion must be confirmed by further studies involving a larger series of outbreaks.”Selman said EHS-Net is an offshoot of the CDC’s Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network, or FoodNet, which collects data on all laboratory-diagnosed cases of common foodborne diseases in all or parts of 10 states. EHS-Net includes at least one environmental health specialist and one epidemiologist in each participating state or area, she said.Hedberg said EHS-Net was set up to help explain some of FoodNet’s findings about exposure to foodborne pathogens, especially “a number of suggestions coming out of FoodNet that restaurants were playing an important role in the epidemiology of foodborne diseases.”Previous studies have failed to find consistent links between restaurant inspection results and disease outbreaks, the authors say. Their study was designed to identify both system failures that led to outbreaks and underlying reasons for the failures.Hedberg CW, Smith SJ, Kirkland E, et al. Systematic environmental evaluations to identify food safety differences between outbreak and nonoutbreak restaurants. J Food Protection 2006 Nov;69(11):2697-702 [Abstract]
Bayern, the five-time European champions, will be hoping to improve on their last season performance, after they were defeated by eventual champions, Liverpool. On the other hand, Red Star, the 1990/1991 European Cup winners, will want to better their record in the present format of the competition by advancing from the group stage.GOtv’s coverage of the European domestic leagues resumes on Saturday when Manchester City, English champions, host Watford in a Premier League clash. The game will be broadcast on SuperSport Select 2 at 3pm.Also on Saturday, Serie A champions Juventus, will welcome newly promoted Hellas Verona in a Serie A fixture, which airs live at 5pm on SuperSport Select 5.The day’s coverage will be completed with the broadcast of the Derby della Madonnina (Milan Derby) between AC Milan and Inter Milan, at the iconic San Siro. The encounter will be aired live at 7:45pm on SuperSport Select 5.Manager Antonio Conte will hope that Inter Milan will continue their unbeaten run in the league and maintain top spot, while Marco Giampaolo of AC Milan will hope his misfiring strike force can clinch a much needed victory for their home fans.On Sunday, London-based Crystal Palace will host Wolverhampton Wanderers at Selhurst Park in a Premier League fixture. The game, which begins at 2pm on SuperSport Select2, will see Wolves seeking to recover from the 2-5 loss to Chelsea last weekend.A blockbuster also LaLiga fixture awaits on Sunday when Sevilla host Real Madrid at the Ramon Sanchez-Pizjuan Stadium. The game kicks off at 8pm and is live on SuperSport Select 4.Sevilla, the current table toppers, will hope to continue their impressive start to the season and inflict more pain on Real, who have struggled in the four games played so far. However, Los Blancos manager, Zinedine Zidane, will be encouraged by the return to fitness of star winger, Eden Hazard, and is expected to deploy him alongside Gareth Bale and Karim Benzema.A statement from GOtv urged active and disconnected customers, especially those on GOtv Plus, Value and Lite packages, to take advantage of the “Step Up” campaign when they upgrade to GOtv MAX by paying a reduced fee of N2, 500 and gain access to all the exclusive football and entertainment programmes on GOtv.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram A series of top-flight games involving elite European teams across various football competitions will be aired live on GOtv during this week.The games scheduled to hold from September 18th to September 22nd, will be broadcast live on SuperSport Select 2 (GOtv channel 32) to GOtv Plus and GOtv Max subscribers and on SuperSport Select 4 (GOtv channel 34) and 5 (GOtv channel 36) exclusive to GOtv Max subscribers.At the peak of the pack is the match ‘Day One’ fixture of the 2019/2020 UEFA Champions League between German league champions, Bayern Munich, and Red Star Belgrade of Serbia. The game kicks off at 8pm today and will be aired live on SuperSport Select 4.
Last Updated: 15th February, 2019 23:57 IST WATCH | Boost Morale Of Soldiers To Give Terrorists, Pakistan A Fitting Response; Investigate Traitors: Babita Phogat Urges Government, Political Parties Babita Phogat conveyed a hard-hitting message on the Pulwama terror attack in Jammu and Kashmir. The wrestler spoke about the impact that left in her mind and paid homage to the martyrs and conveyed condolences to their families. She also hoped government and the political parties come together to encourage the soldiers to give a fitting response to the terrorists and Pakistan. 1 year ago ‘The country is in pain, we all are hurt’: Film associations to hold protest against Pulwama terror attack; no shooting at the time of the event 40 soldiers of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) were martyred when a 70-vehicle convoy of 54 Battalion of CRPF on its way to Srinagar from Jammu were attacked with an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) explosion. Pakistan-backed terrorist outfit Jaish-e-Mohammad has claimed responsibility over the attacks. 1 year ago WATCH: PM Modi pays tribute to each of the braveheart CRPF martyrs at wreath-laying ceremony in Delhi’s Palam Airport FOLLOW US COMMENT WATCH US LIVE Babita Phogat conveyed a hard-hitting message on the Pulwama terror attack in Jammu and Kashmir. The wrestler spoke about the impact the incident left in her mind and paid homage to the martyrs and conveyed condolences to their families. She also hoped government and the political parties come together to encourage the soldiers to give a fitting response to the terrorists and Pakistan. READ: ‘India Is Going To Serve Justice To The Great Martyrs’: Yash, Mohanlal, Anushka Shetty, Mahesh Babu, Suriya, Other South Stars Mourn Death Of CRPF Soldiers In Pulwama Attack Session ID: 2020-09-09:4c472c64e447bcb5a44f1b58 Player Element ID: video_player_5f5860fcc3e0a OK Close Modal DialogBeginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreen Joel Kurian Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00Loaded: 0%Duration 0:00Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedSubtitlessubtitles settings, opens subtitles settings dialogsubtitles off, selectedAudio TrackQuality LevelsFullscreenThis is a modal window. This video is restricted from playing on your current domain Error Code: PLAYER_ERR_DOMAIN_RESTRICTED In a video, we can see Babita saying in Hindi, “I’m feeling very sad since yesterday. I couldn’t muster the courage to speak about it, but I’m still trying, to say a few words in respect of the martyrs. First of all, I pay my homage to the martyrs and offer my prayers to the Almighty to give their souls peace and their families strength and their children hope. Along with that, I want to say that that today the entire country has come together to stand with the soldiers to raise their morale to give terrorists and Pakistan a fitting answer. I urge the Government and also the political parties that they should all come together to boost the confidence of our soldiers so that they can hit back at Pakistan. And the start to that will be through the traitors and the anti-nationals who need to be thoroughly investigated.” SUBSCRIBE TO US First Published: 15th February, 2019 21:05 IST LIVE TV WE RECOMMEND Written By (Watch the video above) Earlier in the day, Babita had posted tweets on similar lines on how she was horrified and speechless about the shocking incident. She had conveyed her prayers for the souls of the martyrs and expressed solidarity with their families. The wrestler had also lashed out at the enemies and the traitors. READ: ‘We Are Not So Weak To Not Avenge The Sacrifices Of Our Martyrs’: Geeta, Babita Phogat Salute The Jawans, Condemn Pulwama Terror AttackHer elder sister Geeta Phogat had also tweeted her thoughts on the incident. 1 year ago Here’s a step-by-step account of how the heinous Pulwama terror attack took place, as briefed by DG CRPF to Home Minister Rajnath Singh