The introduction and establishment of non-indigenous species through human activities often poses a major threat to natural biodiversity. In many parts of the world management efforts are therefore focused on their eradication. The environment of World Heritage sub-Antarctic Macquarie Island has been severely damaged by non-indigenous species including rabbits, rats and mice, introduced from the late AD 1800s. An extensive eradication programme is now underway which aims to remove all rabbits and rodents. To provide a long-term context for assessing the Island’s pre-invasion state, invasion impacts, and to provide a baseline for monitoring its recovery, we undertook a palaeoecological study using proxies in a lake sediment core. Sedimentological and diatom analyses revealed an unproductive catchment and lake environment persisted for ca. 7100 years prior to the introduction of the invasive species. After ca. AD 1898, unprecedented and statistically significant environmental changes occurred. Lake sediment accumulation rates increased >100 times due to enhanced catchment inputs and within-lake production. Total carbon and total nitrogen contents of the sediments increased by a factor of four. The diatom flora became dominated by two previously rare species. The results strongly suggest a causal link between the anthropogenic introduction of rabbits and the changes identified in the lake sediments. This study provides an example of how palaeoecology may be used to determine baseline conditions prior to the introduction of non-indigenous species, quantify the timing and extent of changes, and help monitor the recovery of the ecosystem and natural biodiversity following successful non-indigenous species eradication programmes.
Government policies currently commit us to surface warming of three to four degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels by 2100, which will lead to enhanced ice-sheet melt. Ice-sheet discharge was not explicitly included in Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5, so effects on climate from this melt are not currently captured in the simulations most commonly used to inform governmental policy. Here we show, using simulations of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets constrained by satellite-based measurements of recent changes in ice mass, that increasing meltwater from Greenland will lead to substantial slowing of the Atlantic overturning circulation, and that meltwater from Antarctica will trap warm water below the sea surface, creating a positive feedback that increases Antarctic ice loss. In our simulations, future ice-sheet melt enhances global temperature variability and contributes up to 25 centimetres to sea level by 2100. However, uncertainties in the way in which future changes in ice dynamics are modelled remain, underlining the need for continued observations and comprehensive multi-model assessments.
Back to overview,Home naval-today Trials Start on Cutting-Edge Demonstrator for UK’s New Ships View post tag: Elizabeth View post tag: trials View post tag: Queen May 31, 2013 View post tag: Cutting-Edge Trials Start on Cutting-Edge Demonstrator for UK’s New Ships View post tag: class Trials have started on a new facility at HMS Raleigh which will be used to prove equipment for the Queen Elizabeth Class Aircraft Carriers and future Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) vessels. The Heavy Replenishment-at-Sea (HRAS) demonstrator is being used to simulate the transfers of bulk stores and munitions to the new Queen Elizabeth Class (QEC) Carrier from a RFA ship while underway at sea.The trials will allow the MOD to validate data from ship motion computer modelling and enable Rolls-Royce, the company who won the contract to deliver the demonstrator, to prove their HRAS system design.They will also be used to develop safe operating procedures for the new equipment, which will be fitted to the next generation of much larger RFA supply ships.Commodore David Preston (RFA), Head of Commercially Supported Shipping at the MOD’s Defence Equipment and Support (DE&S) organisation, said: “The new system increases the amount of stores that can be transferred in a single load from two tonnes to five.“This increase is significant and vital to meet the demanding requirements of the new Aircraft Carriers.“A complex hydraulic motion simulator system on the demonstrator replicates the effect imparted by the roll of the ships at sea.“This allows us to prove that the heavier loads can be transferred quickly and safely in challenging sea conditions.“With operations that could last up to five hours and with a load transfer rate of up to 25 loads per hour this places a significant demand on the new equipment and ship operators to ensure this capability is delivered.”During RAS operations ships operate as close as 55 metres of each other while underway at sea.Transfers can take place in all weather conditions, day or night, with the ships linked together between heavily tensioned wires which are used to transfer the loads on a digitally controlled load traveller.To replicate this, the HRAS facility consists of a delivery platform, including a 25 metre steel mast, and a steel ship structure, which mimics the receiving points for stores on the QEC carrier.On completion of the HRAS trials Rolls-Royce will convert the demonstrator to a training facility which includes replicas of a Type 23 and Type 45 reception points.This will be used to train Royal Navy personnel and RFA staff. A working Type 23 ship’s bow structure is also included to teach wider seamanship skills. Nigel Andrews, HRAS Project Manager for the DE&S, said: “We have been working towards this project for years to meet the Royal Navy’s requirement to develop new faster heavier transfer of liquid and solid payloads onto the future new Queen Elizabeth Class Aircraft Carriers.“The project is in two parts, the demonstrator which enables us to perfect the system ahead of the ship being built and the eventual trainer for the crews.“Doing this on shore enables us to deliver a safe system which does not endanger the crews in proving it and means that we don’t have to use up the valuable time ships spend at sea.’’The facility is due to be handed over to HMS Raleigh in 2014 and will then provide training for the next 25 years.The Commanding Officer of HMS Raleigh, Captain Bob Fancy, said: “The facility will be one of the most up-to-date training systems for replenishment operations in the world; it is world class.“RAS is an important capability meaning that ships can stay on operations rather than return to port for supplies, but it is also one of the most dangerous seamanship tasks the Royal Navy and RFA engages in.“It is vital that sailors and RFA personnel can learn to undertake this task in a safe and controlled environment, so that they are properly prepared for the challenges they will face at sea.”Warrant Officer Dave Deakin, Seamanship Training Officer at HMS Raleigh said: “We are leading the way in training sailors in the basic skills of working with a ship at sea.“This new way of delivering heavier payloads, from two tonne to five tonnes, will again show the way forward. The basics of replenishment at sea are already taught here.“The next stage is to increase the rate and the pay load across a wider distance between moving ships at sea.”The trials are being sponsored by the DE&S organisation supported by Rolls Royce Power Engineering PLC, the company who were awarded the contract to design and build the facility.The contract to build the demonstrator, conduct the trials and deliver the trainer was signed on 18 January 2011.[mappress]Press Release, May 31, 2013; Image: Royal Navy View post tag: News by topic View post tag: start View post tag: europe View post tag: vessel View post tag: UK View post tag: RFA View post tag: ships View post tag: Navy Share this article Equipment & technology View post tag: Naval View post tag: New View post tag: Demonstrator
Authorities View post tag: Turkish Navy View post tag: USS Vella Gulf View post tag: News by topic Share this article USS Vella Gulf and Turkish Navy Perform Exercises The Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser USS Vella Gulf (CG 72) participated in a bilateral underway engagement with the Turkish navy corvette TCG Bykada (F 512) in the Black Sea, June 10. View post tag: Exercises June 11, 2014 View post tag: americas View post tag: Naval View post tag: Perform The engagement provided U.S. Navy assets an opportunity to work with Turkey to improve maritime capabilities and interoperability in a number of maritime mission areas.Vella Gulf and Bykada shared tactics and techniques in countering air, surface, and asymmetrical threats. The two ships also communicated via bridge-to-bridge communications in order to simulate hailing a ship before beginning preparations for boarding.Vella Gulf, homeported in Norfolk, Virginia, is deployed in a multi-mission role in the U.S. 6th Fleet area of operations to contribute to regional maritime security, conduct bilateral and multilateral training missions, and to support NATO operations and deployments throughout the region.U.S. 6th Fleet, headquartered in Naples, Italy, conducts a full range of maritime security operations and theater security cooperation missions in concert with coalition, joint, interagency, and other partners in order to advance security and stability in Europe and Africa.[mappress]Press Release, June 11, 2014; Image: US Navy Back to overview,Home naval-today USS Vella Gulf and Turkish Navy Perform Exercises View post tag: Navy
The new album from Kathryn Williams is something of a disappointment. After the gloriously melancholic Old Low Light, Relations – an album of covers – falls a little flat. Williams describes the project as helping her fall in love with music again and whilst such an aim is admirable, little of this passion is communicated. Williams’ voice is as beautiful as ever – fragile and ethereal. The album boasts an eclectic choice of songs, from Nirvana’s ‘All Apologies’ to Leonard Cohen’s ‘Hallelujah’ which is mightily impressive. Unfortunately, the album lacks any coherent structure or form. Listening to it is a little disquieting – the majority of songs come close to being interesting, but stop just short of the mark. This said, some of the songs, notably the opening ‘In A Broken Dream’ and ‘Candy says’ benefit from imaginative use of strings. ‘Candy says’ ingeniously incorporates a toy piano which provides a telling counterpoint to the self revelatory nature of the lyrics. Relations is inoffensive enough and provides lots of restful listening for Sunday mornings or the occasional dinner party, but lacks any real innovation. If Williams, is to maintain credibility as a singer/songwriter, she needs to maintain previous levels of creativity. Relations would work better as a collection of B-sides, with a sticker firmly attached saying ‘for fans only’. Hopefully with her next set Williams will try a little harder.ARCHIVE: 3rd week TT 2004
Monica Park Film enthusiasts call a film once thought to be lost and subsequently recovered a ‘Lazarus film’, after the distinctly dead man whom the Good Lord brought back to life in a rather cult-horror-film-like fashion. One of the most recent and well-known resuscitations was the original version of Theodore Dreyer’s The Passion of Joan of Arc, produced in France in 1928 and considered lost after the master negative was destroyed in a fire. Dreyer himself tried to reassemble the original version from outtakes and existing prints, without much success. Then in 1981 a nearly perfect print was discovered in the janitor’s closet of a Norwegian mental institution. Dreyer died in 1968 believing that his early masterpiece was irretrievably buried in cinema’s cemetery.We sometimes hear of lost films, occasionally of partially lost or ‘restored’ films, and much less often of Lazarus films. But how do films get lost in the first place? As anyone who has seen Giuseppe Tornatore’s Cinema Paradiso knows, little boys and old men should beware of playing with fire, especially when said fire comes in the form of nitrocellulose-based film prone to auto-ignition and gradual disintegration. Tornatore’s film depicts a very real danger in the projection of nitrate film reels: in January of 1927 a fire broke out in the Laurier Palace Theatre in Montreal during a children’s comedy called Get ‘Em Young; of the 800 children who came for the afternoon programme, 77 died, most from asphyxiation or being stampeded to death in the ensuing panic. As unfortunate as these accidental deaths are, still more devastating for film history is the loss of the very soul of this history, the films themselves. Most films from about the 1890s to the 1930s were lost simply because of a different attitude towards film. Home-viewing wasn’t an option, and many a reel was destroyed after its theatrical run simply to save storage space in the studios. Others suffered from neglect or incompetent preservation, still others were recycled for their silver content, and at least in one case, Chaplin’s A Woman of the Sea starring Edna Purviance, the master negative was destroyed by the director himself apparently because of his lead actress’ unsatisfactory performance; if only some kind soul would take it upon himself to do the same for Jennifer Lopez’s Gigli.It’s tantalizing to know of works that once existed but are now lost (like the first werewolf film ever made, appropriately called—wait for it—The Werewolf), but in some ways worse to be left with a film that survives only in part. Fritz Lang’s Metropolis, influential forerunner to such futuristic and/or dystopic films as Blade Runner, Star Wars and The Matrix, was cut from about 153 minutes to 90 minutes—well over a third—for its restless US audience. Unless any of Cherwell’s readers is an ancient and wizened Berliner with a date of birth pre-1927, those who have seen Metropolis will have experienced the truncated version and will probably never have the chance to see it as Lang meant it to be seen. Abel Gance’s Napoléon (1927), a silent biopic, was also cut down to a palatable size for its U.S. audience. During its grand total of nine showings in European cities shortly after its release, it was shown as Gance had intended: three projectors running simultaneously side-by-side onto a triptych-screen in something Gance termed ‘Polyvision’. The director said of his final scene, ‘At the end of the film, the left-hand screen went red, the right-hand screen went blue, and over this tricolor I superimposed a huge eagle! The audience was on its feet at the end, cheering.’ (Vive la France.)Unfortunately, Gance’s arty arrangement did not go over well with Metro-Goldwyn-Myer, who soon bought rights to the film and kept only the central panel of the triptych scenes. The epic Napoléon was made a pastiche of its former self, whittled from over 5.5 hours to ‘feature length’. Cobbling together the scattered prints is a film restorer’s dream and probably a film preservationist’s nightmare. Kevin Brownlow managed to restore most of the film to its original state in three successive sessions (in 1980, 1983 and 2000), and the film, now standing at about 5.5 hours—properly Wagnerian in length—is an endurance test for the die-hard cinéaste. Now if only the Coppola mob (of Godfather fame) and composer-conductor Carl Davis could stop quibbling about rights to the film score and let it see the light of day in DVD format for UK/US release. Preferably, the DVD would contain both the restored version and the truncated U.S. release version for those of us who enjoy the ‘choose-your-own-adventure’ capabilities of DVDs. You can find glimpses of Gance’s Napoléon on YouTube, and even in this unsatisfactory, pixelated, monotych digital version, it is pretty apparent why the audience were so taken with it during its premiere. In one of the scenes the beggarly madman with the Einsteinian hair and toothy maw shouts (silently), ‘Death to Saint-Just! Death to Robespierre!’, and you can feel the passion of the Parisian plebs stirring within you. Or, in any case, you know that the poor sods are goners.With the advancement of film technology, prints and the humans attending them are thankfully no longer subject to spontaneous burning. The process of preserving and transferring crumbling film to a sturdier format is still a tricky business and in many cases cannot be attempted at all due to lack of interest, funding, or available technicians. But at some point in the future, such films, lying in their sterile climate-controlled storage cells might well be Lazarus films, – lost once to the collective cinematic memory, but not for all time.
August 14, 2014: ThursdayCalls for service: 155Motor Vehicle Stops: 25Motor Vehicle Accidents: 5Property Checks: 30Alarms: 2The Police Department assisted with 11 fire and 13 EMS callsTheft, 600 block Pleasure Ave., at 8:07amMotor vehicle accident, 200 block 4th St., at 8:07amMotor vehicle accident, 2100 block Asbury Ave., at 10:47amMotor vehicle accident, Shelter Rd., at 11:49amMotor vehicle accident, W. 17th St., at 12:38pmThreats, 1800 block Boardwalk, at 4:01pmMotor vehicle accident, 800 block Atlantic Ave., at 6:23pmTheft, 100 block Boardwalk, at 8:59pm OCEAN CITY POLICE SUMMARIZED WEEK’S ACTIVITIES August 10 – August 16, 2014Calls for Service: 1,245Daily Average: 178 August 13, 2014: WednesdayCalls for service: 142Motor Vehicle Stops: 11Motor Vehicle Accidents: 5Property Checks: 33Alarms: 7The Police Department assisted with 10 fire and 15 EMS callsMotor vehicle accident, 7th St. & West Ave., at 7:31amMotor vehicle accident, 7th St. & Ocean Ave., at 10:42amMotor vehicle accident, 30th St. & Simpson Ave., at 4:50pmCDS, E. Station Rd., one in custody, at 7:08pmMotor vehicle accident, Asbury Rd., at 7:09pmDWI, Bark Dr., one in custody, at 8:43pmTheft, 5600 block Beach, at 10:06pm PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS:Just a reminder that it is a violation of a City Ordinance to have dogs on the boardwalk anytime during the year.City Ordinance 87-17sec.4-32 prohibits any Boat/Trailer over 22 feet in overall length from being parked on a city street. Any boat/trailer less than 22 feet in overall length can only remain on a city street for three consecutive days. Officers will be issuing summons and towing boats/trailers for any observed violations. Ocean City Police Department August 10, 2014: Sunday Calls for service: 197Motor Vehicle Stops: 25Motor Vehicle Accidents: 4Property Checks: 26Alarms: 1The Police Department assisted with 12 Fire and 15 EMS callsCDS, E. Atlantic Blvd., one in custody, at 1:15amBurglary, 300 block Seabright Rd., at 9:20amBurglary, Gull Rd., at 9:44amTheft, 100 block Ocean Rd., at 10:45amTheft, 900 block Beach, at 12:30pmMotor vehicle accident, 9th Street, at 2:53pmMotor vehicle accident, 800 block Atlantic Ave., at 4:21pmTheft, 700 block Beach, at 5:04pmMotor vehicle accident, 29th St. & West Ave., at 7:26pmShoplifting, 1000block Boardwalk, at 7:38pmCDS, St. Charles Pl., one in custody, at 9:45pmMotor vehicle accident, 52nd St. & Asbury Ave., at 9:48pm August 11, 2014: Monday Calls for service: 182Motor Vehicle Stops: 30Motor Vehicle Accidents: 6Property Checks: 24Alarms: 4The Police Department assisted with 7 Fire and 12 EMS callsTheft, 800 block Ocean Ave., at 7:54amTheft, 1800 block Wesley Ave., at 8:25amMotor vehicle accident, 900 block Ocean Ave., at 12:55pmMotor vehicle accident, 44th St. & West Ave., at 1:10pmMotor vehicle accident, 28th St. & West Ave., at 1:14pmTheft, 900 block Pleasure Ave., at 1:47pmTheft, 400 block Asbury Ave., at 2:11pmMotor vehicle accident, 7th St. & West Ave., at 4:22pmMotor vehicle accident, 1900 block West Ave., at 6:22pmTheft, 5200 block Central Ave., at 7:51pmShoplifting, 1100 block Boardwalk, at 8:44pmShoplifting, 1100 block Boardwalk, at 10:01pm August 16, 2014: Saturday Calls for service: 246Motor Vehicle Stops: 54Motor Vehicle Accidents: 9Property Checks: 35Alarms: 1The Police Department assisted with 13 fire and 13 EMS callsMotor vehicle accident, 34th St. & West Ave., at 9:08amMotor vehicle accident, 8th St. & West Ave., at 10:44amMotor vehicle accident, Route 52, at 10:47amMotor vehicle accident, 35th St. & West Ave., at 11:02amWarrant, 3400 block Haven Ave., one in custody, at 11:40amMotor vehicle accident, 1200 block West Ave., at 2:50pmFraud, 200 block 9th Street, at 3:54pmMotor vehicle accident, 9th St. & Wesley Ave., at 7:19pmMotor vehicle accident, 10th St. & Central Ave., at 7:23pmDWI, 4900 block West Ave., one in custody, at 8:34pmMotor vehicle accident, 2nd St. & Corinthian Ave., at 9:14pm August 15, 2014: FridayCalls for service: 207Motor Vehicle Stops: 36Motor Vehicle Accidents: 2Property Checks: 23Alarms: 2The Police Department assisted with 10 fire and 15 EMS callsBurglary, 200 block 1st Street, one in custody, at 12:21amTheft, 100 block Beach, at 5:29amWarrant, 900 block Bay Ave., one in custody, at 7:59amMotor vehicle accident, 8th St. & Coolidge Rd., at 10:33amTheft, W. 17th Street, at 10:52amTheft, 900 block Boardwalk, at 11:08amWarrant, 600 block Ocean Ave., one in custody, at 4:00pmFight, 3500 block Central Ave., at 6:00pmMotor vehicle accident, 4th St. & Corinthian Ave., at 11:19pm August 12, 2014: TuesdayCalls for service: 115Motor Vehicle Stops: 19Motor Vehicle Accidents: 2Property Checks: 25Alarms: 5The Police Department assisted with 8 fire and 10 EMS callsTheft, 300 block Atlantic Ave., at 9:09amMotor vehicle accident, 16th St. & West Ave., at 1:14pmMotor vehicle accident, 800 block Plymouth Pl., at 2:15pmTheft, 100 block Asbury Ave., at 2:24pm
Scottish bakery Mathiesons has been sold to Prestige Bakeries in a pre-pack deal, which has seen more than 240 jobs saved.Retail and wholesale business Mathiesons Foods was placed into administration on Friday 25 May, with KPMG appointed as administrators.A pre-pack deal was immediately completed by joint administrators Blair Nimmo and Tony Friar of KPMG, but 20 shops have been closed with the loss of 84 jobs. The sale to Prestige included part of the business, and certain trading assets, including eight of Mathiesons’ 28 retail outlets.Nimmo said: “The early sale of the business is a positive outcome from what has been a difficult period for the company and its staff. The business was in a severe degree of distress, but the deal represents the best outcome for the company’s creditors.”The original Mathiesons brand was established in 1872, while the Lambert-based Mathiesons Foods was formed in 2010, after Mathiesons Bakeries went into administration. The deal saw Mathiesons merge with two other bakery businesses: James Allan Bakers and Murdoch Allan Bakers.The administrators said the firm had undergone significant change in the past two years as management sought to restructure the business and return it to profitability. However, difficult trading conditions, particularly on the retail side, meant the company incurred losses and experienced cash flow problems, and further funding could not be secured.The joint administrators have also been appointed to Mathiesons’ five subsidiaries – Firbank Holdings, Firbank Bakery, East End Bakery, James Allan (Bakers), and J Allan (Bakers). However these companies are either dormant or hold leasehold interests only.In January this year, the firm featured at number 31 in British Baker’s BB75 table, with 36 shops, down from 44 the year before.Related stories:>>Mathiesons Foods buys up Scottish bakery firm
Yesterday, Stevie Wonder appeared as a guest on CBS This Morning to discuss the passing of Prince who had died the day before. Wonder went in depth about the musical influences the two legends had on each other, about Prince as a genius, and about the undeniable impact he had on the world as an artist.Wonder describes Prince as “a man that did so much for the music world as well as for the consciousness of caring about people,” and continues, “The marriage of his love for music, the marriage of his love for humankind, the marriage of his love for equality, the fact that he was not afraid – he did not ever allow his dreams to be put to sleep based on fear. So when I cry, every tear is for all those various reasons.”Wonder then went on to perform the Prince classic, “Purple Rain,” explaining, “I truly can’t sing neither one of Prince’s songs, but I can just a little bit maybe…” After singing the chorus, he returns to his lap guitar for a beautiful instrumental.Watch the musical segment below:As well as the full interview:If you’re attending the New Orleans Jazz Festival this weekend, be sure to head over to the Howlin’ Wolf on Sunday, May 1st for a Michael Jackson vs. Stevie Wonder tribute show, featuring Nigel Hall, Eric “Benny” Bloom, Adam Deitch, Cory Henry, Wil Blades, and Adam Smirnoff. Also celebrating will be Zigaboo Modeliste for the 18th Annual Zigaboo’s Funk Revue, along with Sophistafunk. Tickets are available here. [H/T JamBase]
John Butler Trio will return to North America when the band embarks on a 21-date tour later this year. The Australian rockers last visited this side of the world when they played their first North American tour in more than two years during the summer of 2017.John Butler Trio will kick off their outing on June 7th with a show at Crossroads KC in Kansas City. The group will then play a number of gigs out west and in Canada before swinging through parts of the Midwest and Northeast over the course of the next six weeks. Among those dates will be a stop at the famed Red Rocks Amphitheatre in Morrison, Colorado, on June 10th that will include support from Australian “one woman band” Tash Sultana. Fellow Australians Mama Kin Spender will also open for John Butler Trio for the duration of their North American tour.Jonh Butler Trio’s most recent album, Flesh & Blood, was released in early 2014. The band hasn’t revealed any details for their long-awaited seventh LP, but they have announced their plans to debut some songs from the forthcoming release when they tour Australia in March.Pre-sale tickets for John Butler Trio’s 2018 North American tour will be available on February 7th. Tickets will go on sale to the general public on March 2nd.John Butler Trio North American Tour Datesall dates with special guest Mama Kin SpenderJune 7 – Kansas City, MO @ Crossroads KCJune 8 – Papillion, NE @ Sumtur AmphitheaterJune 9 – Boulder, CO @ Boulder Theater*June 10 – Morrison, CO @ Red Rocks Amphitheater^June 13 – Flagstaff, AZ @ Orpheum TheaterJune 14 – Phoenix, AZ @ The Van BurenJune 15 – West Hollywood, CA @ TroubadourJune 16 – San Diego, CA @ House of BluesJune 18 – Santa Barbara, CA @ GranadaJune 19 – Sacramento, CA @ The CrestJune 21 – Portland, OR @ The Crystal BallroomJune 22 – Portland, OR @ The Crystal BallroomJune 27 – Vancouver, Canada @The OrpheumJune 29 – Edmonton, Canada @ Winspear CentreJuly 3 – Fargo, ND @ Fargo TheatreJuly 7 – St. Louis, MO @ The PageantJuly 8 – Cleveland, OH @ House of BluesJuly 11- Brooklyn, NY @ Brooklyn BowlJuly 12 – Albany, NY @ The EggJuly 13 – Portland, ME @ State TheatreJuly 14 – Hampton, NH @ Hampton Beach Ballroom*John Butler Trio only^with special guest Tash Sultana